The Vanagon was a step up from the T2 in the amenities area with standard features such as power steering, air conditioning, power door locks, electronic/heated mirrors, lighted vanity and more.




Listed below are detailed key features and specifications for the VW Vanagon:

Vanagon Westfalia Cutaway

Key Features

  • Manufacturer: Volkswagen
  • Nomenclature: (Volkswagen Type 2 (T3)
    • Vanagon – North & South America
    • Transporter / Caravelle – Europe & Australia
    • T25 – United Kingdom
    • Microbus – South Africa
    • Kombi – Australia
  • Production Years: 1980 – 1991 (Worldwide) / 1992-2002 (South Africa Only)
  • Assembly: Volkswagen Group T3 Platform
    • Hanover, Germany
    • Graz, Austria
    • Uitenhage, South Africa
  • Class / Body Style: 3-door van / 3-door pickup
  • Layout: Rear Engine / Rear Wheel Drive (4X4 also available)
  • Transmissions: 4 & 5 Speed Manual / 3-spd Auto
  • Engines: Various I4 and I5 Gas & Diesel Options
  • Brakes: Disc Front / Drums Rear

 

Vanagon Dimensional Specs

 

Dimensional Specs

  • Wheelbase: 2,461 mm (96.9 in)
    • GL Syncro Camper – 2,456 mm (96.7 in)
  • Length: 4,569 mm (179.9 in)
  • Width: 1,844 mm (72.6 in)
  • Height: 1,928 mm (75.9 in)
    • Carat – 1,735 mm (68.3 in)
    • Camper – 2,055 mm (80.9 in)
    • GL Syncro – 2,085 mm (82.1 in)

 

Transmissions

The Vanagon was available with both a four and five speed manual as well as a 3-spd automatic transmission.  The automatic had a 1.0 ratio top gear and was a standard hydraulic used by many Audis of the same area.  The 4 speed manual was fitted with a lightweight aluminum alloy case and was initially the other manual option.  In 1983 the five speed manual was offered for certain models and came stock on diesel engine and Syncro 4X4 Vanagons.




Engines

Vanagon Engine CutawayOriginal air cooled engines came with both quality issues as well as manufacturing costs problems.  Later on in the Vanagon generation water cooled versions were introduced.  Because the motor was mounted near the transaxle very low in the back certain accommodations were made to reach basic engine components.

This included placing the oil filler tube, dipstick and powering steering fluid reservoir located behind flip-down license plate door for easy access.  The spare tire was also relocated to the front of the vehicle in approximately the same relation to the front axle as the motor is to the rear.

Listed below are the various engines used throughout the Vanagon production.

Credit Wikipedia Page for Volkswagen Type 2 (T3)

 

Gas / Petrol Engines

  • Air Cooled (1980-1982)
    • 1.6 L (1,584 cc) (50 bhp/37 kW) (Serial # CT) air-cooled, single Solex 34 PICT-4 carburettor (not available in the USA)
    • 2.0 L (1,970 cc) (70 bhp/51 kW) (Serial # CU or CV) air-cooled, twin Solex 34 PDSIT-2/3 carburettor or fuel injected (Bosch L-Jetronic) flat-four in the 1980 to 1983½ models
  • Water Cooled (1983-1991)
    • 1.9 Litre Engines:
      • 1.9 L (1,913 cc) (83 bhp) (Serial # DH) water-cooled (or “Wasserboxer”) engine used for the 1983½ to 1985 models, which used a fuel injection system known as “Digijet” (Digital Jet-tronic)
      • 1.9 L (1,913 cc) (59 bhp) (Serial # DF) 8.6:1 compression ratio, 34-PICT carburetor
      • 1.9 L (1,913 cc) (76 bhp) (Serial # DG) 8.6:1 compression ratio, 2E3 or 2E4 carburetor
      • 1.9 L (1,913 cc) (55 bhp) (Serial # EY) 7.5:1 compression ratio, 34-PICT carburetor
      • 1.9 L (1,913 cc) (89 bhp) (Serial # GW) 8.6:1 compression ratio, Bosch Digijet electronic fuel injection
    • 2.1 Litre Engines:
      • 2.1 L (2,109 cc) (95 bhp) (Serial # MV) Wasserboxer, used until the end of Vanagon importation into the US in 1991. This engine used a more advanced engine management system known as Bosch “Digifant I” which now digitally managed ignition timing as well as fuel delivery
      • 2.1 L (2,109 cc) (90 bhp) (Serial # SS) 9:1 compression ratio Wasserboxer
      • 2.1 L (2,109 cc) (112 bhp) (Serial # DJ) 10:1 compression ratio, Digijet injection, only sold in European countries not requiring catalytic converter
  • Oettinger WBX6 (Aftermarket)
    • 3.2 L (3,164 cc) (165 bhp) Wasserboxer, fuel injected
    • 3.7 L (3,664 cc) (180 bhp) Wasserboxer, fuel injected




Diesel Engines

  • 1.6 L (1,588 cc) (52 bhp) (Serial # CS) Naturally aspirated Diesel I4, available in the US on 1982 models only.
  • 1.6 L (1,588 cc) (70 bhp) (Serial # JX) Turbocharged I4.
  • 1.7 L (1,715 cc) (54 bhp) (Serial # KY) Natural aspirated I4.

 

Five Cylinder Audi Engines

  • 2.3i (AFU) 90 kW
  • 2.5i (AAY) 100 kW
  • 2.6i (ADV) 100 kW

 

Anything to add?  Let us know in the comments section below…

 

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1 Comment

  1. Thank you for these specs, However I would be very interested in more detailed info on the (5cyl AAY. Engine) ie Timining marks on crank and camshaft . When I line my crank pulley on TDC my no. 3 journal is TDC …. Is this right? Thanks

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